Male pattern baldness is the most common type of hair loss experienced by men. This bald head can be overcome in several ways, one of them through a hair transplant surgery.
The pattern of bald head or baldness in men can begin in adolescence, but this baldness is more common in adult men as we get older. Genetic factors play a large role in baldness in men. Generally, hair loss and baldness take 15-25 years.
However, do you know, actually women are also at risk of experiencing baldness? About 1/3 of women experience hair loss to baldness, especially after menopause. From the social aspect, baldness in women often has a greater impact. Even so, there are several steps that can be taken to prevent overcoming baldness, including using medical assistance from doctors, and hair transplant procedures.
Hair Transplant Procedure
One way to deal with bald heads is by a hair transplant. How, hair from the area of the scalp with active growth is transferred and planted into the scalp area with thinning or bald hair.
To do a transplant, as a first step the doctor will clean the scalp. Then the anesthetic is injected into the area of the scalp to be removed to become a graft material. The scalp is then removed and set aside, then the scalp is closed again by stitching, the area will be hidden by the hairs around it.
Next, the surgeon divides the strips of skin that will be planted in other parts of the head to 500-2000 parts, with each part having several strands of hair. The number and type of grafts used to depend on the type, quality, and color of hair. The size of the scalp area to be transplanted also forms the basis for determining the graft.
After the hair transplant is ready, the surgeon will clean again and prepare the location of the hair to be planted. The doctor will make a hole according to the number of grafts made with a scalpel or needle. Then the hair graft will be planted in the holes carefully.
This hair transplant surgery takes about 4-8 hours. Hair transplantation may be repeated if the bald area increases or if the patient wants thicker hair.
Healing after Surgery
After the procedure is done, the scalp may feel very soft and must be gauze for a day or two. Patients may be given painkillers, antibiotics and/or anti-inflammatory drugs (anti-inflammatory) for several days. Most patients can return to work two to five days after surgery.
Within two to three weeks after surgery, the transplanted hair will fall out. New hair will grow about three months later. For most people, 60 percent of new hair growth will be achieved after six to nine months after surgery. To increase hair growth, your doctor may prescribe the drug Minoxidil after transplantation.
Transplant Side Effects
Like other surgical procedures, hair transplantation as a way to overcome bald heads does not escape the risk of side effects. Some risks of side effects of hair transplants include bleeding, infection, the appearance of scar tissue, and unnatural new hair growth.
Some people even experience folliculitis, which is an infection or inflammation of the hair follicle, when new hair starts to grow. These minor side effects can be cured with antibiotics and compresses.
Another complication that can be experienced shocks, a condition in which hair that grows in the transplant area suddenly disappears. Fortunately, this hair loss is temporary and hair can grow back.
To minimize risk and increase the success of overcoming bald head with hair transplantation, the procedure must be performed when the patient is in good health. Discuss the benefits and risks of this procedure with the doctor. Also consider the costs needed for the hair transplant procedure, because it generally must be spent as a personal expense.